Southern Military District

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Southern Military District
Южный военный округ
YVO Russia medium emblem.svg
Active 22 October 2010–present
Country  Russia
Type Military district
Part of Banner of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (obverse).svg Russian Armed Forces
Headquarters Budennovsky prospekt 43, Rostov-on-Don[1]
Decorations Order of the Red Banner
Commanders
Colonel General Aleksandr Dvornikov

The Southern Military District (Russian: Южный военный округ) is one of the four operational strategic commands of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The district was formed in accordance with Presidential Decree №1144 signed on September 20, 2010.[2] The district includes the territory of former North Caucasus Military District, the Black Sea Fleet and Caspian Flotilla.

History[edit]

The Southern Military District was formed on October 22, 2010.[3] According to Presidential Decree of 20 September 2010 № 1144 "On the Military Administrative Division Of the Russian Federation" the Southern Military District was created, encompassing the administrative borders of the Republic of Adygea, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria Republic, the Republic of Kalmykia, Karachay-Cherkessia, Republic of North Ossetia - Alania, Chechen Republic, Krasnodar, Stavropol, Astrakhan, Volgograd and Rostov regions.

The Southern Military District also comprises two military bases in the Republic of Armenia: the 102nd Military Base in Gyumri and the civil-military Erebuni Airport in the capital Yerevan, home to the 3624th Air Base and under the joint control of Armenian and Russian authorities.

By order of then Russian Defense Minister Anatoly Serdyukov, on July 22, 2010, interim commanders were named for the new military districts. Thus, the new position of commander of the Southern Military District, was Lt. Gen. Aleksandr Galkin, former Commander of the North Caucasus Military District, with Maj. Gen. Nikolai Pereslegin as the chief of staff for the district. Galkin was later promoted to Colonel General.

In April 2014, Crimea and Sevastopol were added to the Southern Military District. Since the 2014 Crimean crisis, the status of the Crimea and of the city of Sevastopol is under dispute between Russia and Ukraine; Ukraine and the majority of the international community considers the Crimea and Sevastopol an integral part of Ukraine, while Russia, on the other hand, considers the Crimea and Sevastopol an integral part of Russia, with Sevastopol functioning as a federal city (Russian authorities are in control of both).[4]

On 20 September 2016, Colonel General Aleksandr Dvornikov became commander of the district.[5]

In 2016, the District was 98 per cent staffed by contract servicemen.[6]

District organization[edit]

As part of the larger reorganisation, the 49th Army appears to have reformed with its headquarters seemingly in the former Institute of Communications of the Strategic Rocket Forces at Stavropol.[7] According to warfare.ru, 49th Army (listed at Stavropol/Maikop) has under control the 4th Guards and 7th Military Bases (South Ossetia and Abkhazia) and the 8th (former Taman Guards Motor Rifle Division), 33rd and 34th separate Mountain Motor Rifle Brigades (Borzoi, Chechniya, Maikop, and Storozhevaya-2), as well as the 66th Communications Brigade.[8]

There are also three Spetsnaz brigades (the 100th, 10th, and 22nd), plus two Russian Airborne Troops units also stationed in the district (the 7th Guards Airborne Division at Novorossiysk and the 56th Guards Air Assault Brigade at Kamyshin).[9] The Russian Air Force has the 4th Air and Air Defence Forces Army in the district. Also under the district's control are the Navy's Black Sea Fleet and Caspian Flotilla, including their respective air and Naval Infantry components.

In early 2017, the formation of a new 8th Army, successor to the Soviet 8th Guards Army, began, as part of the Southern Military District. The army's headquarters is located at Novocherkassk and it is to include the 150th Motor Rifle Division and the 20th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade. The first phase of its formation is to be completed in June 2017.[10]

District units[edit]

External image
IISS estimate of major unit dispositions in the Southern Military District, 20 March 2014
  • 175th Luninets-Pinsk Order of Alexander Nevsky Twice Red Star Headquarters Brigade (Aksai)
  • 176th Independent Communications Brigade (Territorial) (Rassvet)
  • 11th Independent Guards Kingisepp Red Banner Order of Alexander Nevsky Engineering Brigade (Kamensk-Shakhtinsky)
  • 28th Separate NBC Defence Brigade (Kamyshin)
  • 439th Rocket Artillery Brigade (Znamensk)
  • 1270th Independent Electronic Warfare Center (Kovalevka)
  • 37th Separate Railway Brigade (Volgograd) (Russian Railway Troops)
  • 39th Separate Railway Brigade (Krasnodar)
  • 333rd Separate Railway Pontoon Bridge Battalion (Volgograd)
  • Mountain Training Center of the Armed Forces (Baksan)
  • 54th Training Center of Intelligence Units (Vladikavkaz)
  • 27th Training Center of Railway Troops (Volgograd)
  • 4th Guards Military Base in Dzhava-Tskhinval (South Ossetia)(the former 693rd Motor Rifle Regt of 19 MRD)[11]
  • 7th Military Base (Gudauta, Abkhazia) 'Krasnodar Red Banner, Order of Kutuzov, Order of the Red Star' (former 131st Motor Rifle Brigade)[12]

58th Army in Vladikavkaz[13]

Note: the 42nd Guards Motor Rifle Division is reforming from late 2016 in Chechniya from the 8th Guards, 17th, and 18th Guards Motor Rifle Brigades[16]

8th Army in Novocherkassk

49th Army in Stavropol/Maikop

  • 33rd Motor Rifle Brigade (Mountain) in Novocherkassk[17]
  • 34th Motorized Brigade (Mountain) in Storozhevaya-2
  • 66th C3 Brigade in Stavropol
  • 1st Guards Rocket Brigade in Krasnodar (Iskander)
  • 439th Guards Perekop Order of Kurozov Rocket Artillery Brigade (Znamensk) [MRL]
  • 21st NBC Defense Brigade Kamyshin
  • 175th C3 Brigade in Aksai
  • 176th Communications Brigade in Novocherkassk
  • 154th ECM Brigade OSN in Izobilny
  • Logistics Brigade in Stavropol

102nd Military Base in Gyumri, Armenia

  • 76th Motorized Brigade Gyumri, Armenia
  • 73rd Motorized Brigade Erevan (Armenia)
  • 988th Air Defense Regiment Gyumri (Armenia)

Airborne Troops

Spetsnaz/Reconnaissance

Air Force units

Naval Forces

  • Black Sea Fleet
    • 22nd Army Corps[18]
      • 810th Marine Brigade[19]
      • 382nd Independent Marine Battalion
      • 11th Independent Coastal Defense Missile-Artillery Brigade
      • 126th Independent Coastal Defense Brigade
      • 1096th Fleet Independent Rocket Artillery Regiment (Coastal Defense)
      • 8th Independent Field Artillery Regiment (Coastal Defense)
      • 68th Fleet Independent Naval Engineers Regiment
      • 133rd Fleet Logistics and Materiel Regiment
      • 4th Fleet NBC Regiment
  • Caspian Flotilla
    • 414th and 727th Independent Marine Battalions
    • 46th Independent Coastal Defense Missile Artillery Battalion (Surface to Air)

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://eng.mil.ru/en/structure/okruga/south/contacts.htm
  2. ^ УКАЗ Президента РФ от 20.09.2010 N 1144 "О ВОЕННО - АДМИНИСТРАТИВНОМ ДЕЛЕНИИ РОССИЙСКОЙ ФЕДЕРАЦИИ"
  3. ^ http://www.ryadovoy.ru/forum/index.php/topic,2479.0.html
  4. ^ UKRAINE REPORTS RUSSIAN MILITARY ACTIVITY ON CRIMEA BORDER, Newsweek (8 August 2016)
    Gutterman, Steve. "Putin signs Crimea treaty, will not seize other Ukraine regions". Reuters.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
    Ukraine crisis timeline, BBC News
    UN General Assembly adopts resolution affirming Ukraine's territorial integrity, China Central Television (28 March 2014)
  5. ^ Milenin, Andrei (20 September 2016). "Александр Дворников назначен командующим войсками ЮВО" [Aleksandr Dvornikov appointed commander of the Southern Military District]. Isvestia (in Russian). Retrieved 2 October 2016. 
  6. ^ http://armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2017/0125/125039232/detail.shtml
  7. ^ http://russiandefpolicy.wordpress.com/2011/01/10/more-appointments-dismissals-etc/, accessed January 2011, and http://www.ryadovoy.ru/forum/index.php/topic,2479.0.html
  8. ^ "Southern Military District". warfare.ru. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 12 August 2016. 
  9. ^ Michael Holm, 56th independent Guards Landing-Assault Brigade, accessed January 2014.
  10. ^ Ramm, Alexey; Andreyev, Yevgeny (17 March 2017). "В Южном военном округе появится новая армия" [New army in the Southern Military District]. Isvestia (in Russian). Retrieved 2 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "На 4-й российской военной базе в Южной Осетии проведены контрольные стрельбы | Политика | ИА «RSOnews»". www.rsonews.org. Retrieved 2017-06-30. 
  12. ^ Galeotti 2017, 31.
  13. ^ Galeotti, 2017, 31, with the retention of the 67th AARB and 34 C3 Bde, which he does not list.
  14. ^ Georgia, Civil. "Civil.Ge | Russia troop deployments menace Georgia". www.civil.ge. Retrieved 2017-06-14. 
  15. ^ "67th Anti-Aircraft Missile Brigade". www.ww2.dk. Retrieved 2017-06-14. 
  16. ^ "В ЮВО на территории Чечни завершается формирование 42-й мотострелковой дивизии" [Formation of the 42nd Guards Motor Rifle Division completed in Chechnya in Southern Military District]. structure.mil.ru (in Russian). 7 December 2016. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  17. ^ "В Новочеркасск из Майкопа переведена 33-я горная мотострелковая бригада". bloknot-novocherkassk.ru. Retrieved 2016-02-07. 
  18. ^ http://www.armstrade.org/includes/periodics/news/2017/0213/100539513/detail.shtml
  19. ^ "Ukraine says Russian Marines ring coast guard base". Huffington Post. Associated Press. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014.