This is a good article. Click here for more information.

Shahid Khaqan Abbasi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi
Shahid Khaqan Abbasi (cropped).jpg
Prime Minister of Pakistan
Assumed office
1 August 2017
President Mamnoon Hussain
Preceded by Nawaz Sharif
Minister for Energy
Assumed office
4 August 2017
President Mamnoon Hussain
Preceded by Himself (Petroleum and Natural Resources)
Khawaja Muhammad Asif (Water and Power)
Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources
In office
7 June 2013 – 28 July 2017
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Asim Hussain
Succeeded by Himself (Energy)
Minister for Commerce
In office
31 March 2008 – 13 May 2008
Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani
Preceded by Humayun Akhtar Khan
Succeeded by Ameen Faheem
Chair of Pakistan International Airlines
In office
27 December 1997 – 12 October 1999
Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif
Preceded by Farooq Umar
Succeeded by Ahmad Saeed
Member of the National Assembly
for the 50th district
Assumed office
2008
Preceded by Ghulam Murtaza Satti
Majority 2008: 99,987 (48%)
2013: 134,439 (54%)
Member of the National Assembly
for the 36th district
In office
1988–2002
Preceded by Khaqan Abbasi
Succeeded by Ghulam Murtaza Satti
Majority 1988: 47,295 (34%)
1990: 80,305 (59%)
1993: 76,596 (56%)
1997: 65,194 (58%)
Personal details
Born (1958-12-27) 27 December 1958 (age 58)
Karachi, Sindh, Pakistan
Political party Pakistan Muslim League (N)
Other political
affiliations
Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (1988–1990)
Relatives Khaqan Abbasi (Father)
Sadia Abbasi (Sister)
Alma mater University of California, Los Angeles
George Washington University
Signature
Website Government website

Shahid Khaqan Abbasi (Urdu: شاہد خاقان عباسی‎; born 27 December 1958) is a Pakistani politician who has been the Prime Minister of Pakistan since August 2017. A member of the ruling Pakistan Muslim League (N) [PML (N)], he has been a Member of the National Assembly of Pakistan since 2008 and previously had been a Member of the National Assembly from 1988 to 1999.

Born in 1958 in Karachi to Khaqan Abbasi, Abbasi was educated at Lawrence College, Murree. He earned a bachelor's degree from the University of California, Los Angeles, before obtaining a master's degree from George Washington University. Prior to entering politics, he worked as a professional engineer in various projects in the United States and in the Middle East.

Abbasi started his political career after the death of his father in 1988, and since then he has been elected a Member of the National Assembly six times for Constituency NA-50 (Rawalpindi). After the PML (N) victory in the 1997 general election, he served as Chairman of Pakistan International Airlines until the 1999 Pakistani coup d'état. After the formation of a coalition government following the 2008 general election, he was briefly the Minister for Commerce in the Gillani ministry. After the 2013 general election, he became the Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources in the third Sharif ministry, where he served from 2013 until the disqualification of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif after the Panama Papers case decision in July 2017. In August 2017, he took the office of Prime Minister and appointed himself as the first Minister for Energy of Pakistan.

Early life and education[edit]

Abbasi was born on 27 December 1958[1][2][3] in Karachi, Pakistan, to Khaqan Abbasi.[4][5][6][7] According to DAWN, he was born in his hometown of Murree in Rawalpindi District, Punjab.[3][8][9]

Abbasi was educated in Karachi before enrolling at Lawrence College in Murree.[5][7][10] In 1978, he attended the University of California, Los Angeles, where he received a bachelor's degree in Electrical Engineering.[11][4][2] Following this, he began a career as an electrical engineer.[7] In 1985, he attended George Washington University, where he gained a master's degree in Electrical Engineering.[5][2][7][12][13]

After graduating from George Washington University, Abbasi became a professional electrical engineer.[14] He worked in the United States during the 1980s before moving to Saudi Arabia,[2][6][15] where he worked on energy projects in the oil and gas industry.[4][7][5]

Early political career[edit]

Abbasi's political career began after the death of his father Khaqan Abbasi in 1988.[5][14] In May 1988, President Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq sacked the government of his handpicked Prime Minister Muhammad Khan Junejo, and prematurely dissolved the National Assembly.[16] Consequently, new parliamentary elections were called for 16 November 1988.[17] Abbasi ran for the National Assembly seat from Constituency NA-36 (Rawalpindi-I),[Note 1] which had been held by his father until his death.[18][19] Abassi was elected with 47,295 votes as an independent candidate.[14][12][20][14] He acquired Rawalpindi's National Assembly seat for the first time at the age of 30 by defeating both Raja Zafar ul Haq, a candidate of Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI), and Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) candidate Raja Muhammad Anwar by a narrow margin.[14] After winning the election he joined the IJI,[21] which was newly founded in September 1988 by then Director-General of Inter-Services Intelligence to counter the PPP.[22] His tenure as a Member of the National Assembly terminated after the National Assembly was dissolved prematurely in August 1990 following the dismissal of the government of Benazir Bhutto by President Ghulam Ishaq Khan.[23][24]

New parliamentary elections were called for 24 October 1990.[25] Abbasi ran for a National Assembly seat as a candidate of IJI and was successfully re-elected from Constituency NA-36 (Rawalpindi-I). He received 80,305 votes against 54,011 votes for PPP candidate Raja Muhammad Anwar.[14] Upon the victory of IJI in the 1990 national election,[26] he was made Parliamentary Secretary for Defence,[12] a post he retained until the dissolution of the National Assembly in April 1993[27] with the dismissal of the Nawaz Sharif government by then President Ghulam Ishaq Khan.[24]

New snap elections were called for 6 October 1993.[25] Abbasi ran for a National Assembly seat as a candidate of the Pakistan Muslim League (N) [PML (N)] and was re-elected for the third time from Constituency NA-36 (Rawalpindi-I).[14] He secured 76,596 votes against the PPP candidate, retired Colonel Habib Khan, who received 45,173 votes.[14] As a Member of the National Assembly, he performed his duties as the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National Assembly on Defence.[12][28] His tenure was terminated with the dissolution of the National Assembly in 1996[23] following the dismissal of the Benazir Bhutto government by President Farooq Leghari.[24]

New parliamentary elections were called for 3 February 1997,[25] and Abbasi successfully retained his National Assembly seat as a candidate of the PML (N) from Constituency NA-36 (Rawalpindi-I) for the fourth time.[14] He defeated Pakistan Muslim League (J) candidate Babar Awan and independent candidate Javed Iqbal Satti by securing 65,194 votes.[14] PML (N) won a clear majority in the National Assembly for the first time.[29] That same year, he was appointed as the chairman of Pakistan International Airlines (PIA) by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.[13][30][28][31] His tenure as the Chairman of PIA was terminated following the 1999 Pakistani coup d'état, during which then-Chief of Army Staff, General Pervez Musharraf, overthrew Sharif and his existing elected government.[32] Abbasi, along with Sharif, was named in the infamous plane hijacking case.[33] The National Assembly was abolished.[34] Charges were leveled against him for denying the landing of Musharraf's PIA plane at Karachi's Jinnah International Airport on its way back from Sri Lanka on 12 October 1999,[35][14] and he was held responsible for conspiring with Sharif to kill Musharraf.[36] He was forced to provide a testimonial statement against Sharif for the hijacking case, but he refused to release the statement.[18][37] He was also pressured by the Pakistan Army to switch allegiance from Sharif, but he refused.[38] A military Judge Advocate General court announced his arrest.[35] He remained in jail for two years[6] before he was released by the court in March 2001.[13] By then, Sharif had gone into exile in Saudi Arabia.[39] In a 2008 interview, Abbasi claimed that Musharraf himself took control of the plane in 1999.[40][4] As chairman of PIA, he was accused of 11 million in corruption in the purchase of 200 computers for the airline, however he was acquitted in 2008 as prosecution failed to prove the charges levelled against him.[30]

General elections were held on 10 October 2002 under Musharraf to elect the National Assembly.[41] Abbasi ran for a seat from Constituency NA-50 (Rawalpindi) as a candidate of the PML (N), but lost to PPP candidate Ghulam Murtaza Satti[14][20][32] with 63,797 votes (37.21%) to 74,259 (43.31%).[14][42] Abbasi indicated that the exile of Sharif disappointed the people,[14] due to which PML (N) only won 19 out of 342 seats in the National Assembly.[43] People from his constituency claim he contested the election unwillingly, explaining why he lost it.[44] After his defeat, he distanced himself from politics to focus on Airblue Limited,[44] which he founded in 2003.[6][2] He served as its first chairman until 2007[4][28][45] and then went on to become its chief operating officer.[46] According to BBC Urdu, he had close contacts with Shujaat Hussain, leader of the then ruling party, and from whom Abbasi gained support for his airline.[44]

After Sharif's return to Pakistan from exile in 2007,[47] Abbasi joined him[44] and ran for a seat in the National Assembly in the 18 February 2008 general election as a candidate of the PML (N), and was successfully re-elected for the fifth time with 99,987 votes from Constituency NA-50 (Rawalpindi).[48] The election resulted in a hung parliament where PPP had secured the most seats in the National Assembly and PML (N) the second most.[49][50] After the formation of a coalition government between PPP and PML (N) with Yousaf Raza Gillani as Prime Minister,[51] Abbasi was inducted into the federal cabinet of Gillani with the status of a federal minister in March 2008 and was appointed as the Minister for Commerce.[12][52][32] However, he resigned from the ministerial office[53] after PML (N) left the PPP-led coalition government in May 2008[52][32][54] to lead the movement to impeach Pervez Musharraf and to restore the judiciary.[55]

After the completion of a five-year PPP government, an election was scheduled for 11 May 2013.[56] Abbasi ran for a seat in the National Assembly as a candidate of the PML (N) and successfully retained his seat from Constituency NA-50 (Rawalpindi) for the sixth time[57] with 134,439 votes.[58] Upon the victory of PML (N) in the 2013 national election, he was inducted into the federal cabinet and was appointed as the Minister of Petroleum and Natural Resources.[59] During his tenure as Minister for Petroleum, he introduced a liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminal and the importation of gas in Pakistan to control the shortage of gas in the country.[5][7] He was credited for taking measures which helped Pakistan overcome gas shortage issues.[60] In 2015, he was accused of issuing illegal contracts worth 220 billion (US$2.1 billion) for the import and distribution of LNG without a proper bidding process, after which the National Accountability Bureau registered a case and began an investigation.[61][62] However, the case was closed in 2016[63] after it was found that all rules were followed during procurement and the bidding process to award the contract was transparent.[61] The Express Tribune described the LNG project as successful and one of the cheapest regasifications in the world.[61] He also denied the corruption allegations.[64] Abbasi ceased to hold the ministerial office of Petroleum and Natural Resources on 28 July 2017 when the Sharif cabinet was disbanded following his resignation after the Panama Papers case decision.[18][65][66]

Prime Minister[edit]

Nawaz Sharif resigned as Prime Minister on 29 July 2017 and nominated his brother Shehbaz Sharif as his successor, but as Shehbaz was not a member of the National Assembly, he could not be immediately sworn in as Prime Minister.[15] Therefore, Abbasi was chosen by Sharif as a temporary Prime Minister for 45 days,[67][68][13] which would allow two months time for Shehbaz to contest elections from Nawaz's vacated constituency in Lahore, be elected to the National Assembly, and become eligible to hold the office of Prime Minister.[69][70]

On 1 August 2017, Abbasi was elected Prime Minister of Pakistan by the National Assembly, defeating his rival Naveed Qamar of the PPP by 221 votes to 47.[71][72] Jamiat Ulema-e Islam (F)[73] and the Muttahida Qaumi Movement also supported his election.[71] Addressing the National Assembly after his election, he said "I may be here for 45 days or 45 hours, but I'm not here to keep the seat warm. I intend to work and get some important things done."[74] On that same day, he was sworn in as the Prime Minister in an oath-taking ceremony at Presidency Palace.[75] After he took charge, Nawaz Sharif decided that Shehbaz Sharif would remain in Punjab and Abbasi would continue as Prime Minister until the 2018 general election to be held in June.[76] According to Rana Sanaullah Khan, PML (N) senior leadership feared that abandonment of the post of Chief Ministership of Punjab by Shahbaz Sharif would weaken the party's hold in the country's most populous province,[77][78][79][80] which has 183 out of the 342 seats in the National Assembly[81] and plays a crucial role in determining the future government in Pakistan.[82]

After assuming the office as the Prime Minister, Abbasi, in consultation with Sharif, formed a 43-member cabinet.[83][84] Of the 43 ministers sworn in on 4 August 2017, 27 were federal ministers and 16 were ministers of state.[85][86] All but 16 of the cabinet members were part of the last cabinet of Nawaz Sharif, most of whom retained their previous portfolios.[87] The cabinet was criticised by Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf for its large size,[88] but it was praised by The Nation.[89] Reuters said that the cabinet "appears aimed at bolstering support" ahead of the general election.[90] In order to improve the governance[91] and efficiency of the government and to accommodate newly inducted cabinet members,[92] Abbasi created seven new ministries,[93] including a Ministry of Energy, which was praised.[94][38][91] The second part of his cabinet, consisting of two federal ministers and two ministers of state, was sworn in on 10 August 2017,[95] increasing the size of the cabinet to 47.[96] On 13 August 2017, his cabinet was further expanded after he appointed six advisers.[97][98] The next day, five special assistants to the Prime Minister were appointed,[99] thus increasing the cabinet size to 58.[97] He justified the large size of his cabinet by saying that "he had limited experience of running the affairs of the government, and therefore required more ministers, advisers and special assistants."[97] Two more advisors were added to the federal cabinet on 23 August 2017.[100]

Abbasi appointed Khawaja Muhammad Asif as a full-time Minister for Foreign Affairs, the first since PML (N) came into power in the 2013 general election.[101][102] The appointment of a full-time Foreign Affair's Minister was welcomed by Pakistan Today[103] and the Daily Times.[104] Previously, Nawaz Sharif had held the portfolio of the Minister for Foreign Affairs himself and was criticised for not appointing a full-fledged Foreign Minister.[105][101] He also inducted a Hindu parliamentarian, Darshan Punshi, into the federal cabinet, the first in more than 20 years.[106] He kept for himself the cabinet portfolios of Ministry of Planning and Development[107][91] and the newly created Ministry of Energy.[108][109][90] On 11 August 2017, he took charge of the Economic Coordination Committee as chairman after removing Minister for Finance Ishaq Dar.[110]

As Prime Minister, Abbasi visited Karachi on 12 August 2017 and pledged 25 billion (US$240 million) and 5 billion (US$47 million) for Karachi and Hyderabad, respectively, for infrastructure development.[111] After the announcement of a new policy on Afghanistan by United States President Donald Trump, during which he accused Pakistan of supporting state terrorism,[112] Abbasi made his first foreign trip as Prime Minister, going to Saudi Arabia on 23 August 2017 to discuss the new U.S. policy with Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman and to further strengthen the bilateral relations between Pakistan and Saudi Arabia,[113][114] with Pakistan's relationship with the United States being strained.[112]

In September 2017, Abbasi travelled to the United States to speak at the 72th session of the United Nations General Assembly. During the visit, he met with Vice President Mike Pence[115] and with Trump.[116]

Family and personal life[edit]

Abbasi belongs to a family[18] from Kahuta.[109] However, he hails from Dewal village.[117] He belongs to the Dhund Abbasi clan, which is predominant in northern Punjab.[118]

Abbasi is married and has three sons.[7][5] His father, Khaqan Abbasi, was an air commodore in the Pakistan Air Force. He entered politics and became a Member of the National Assembly[18] and was inducted as the Federal Minister for Production in the cabinet of Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, until his death in 1988 at Ojhri Camp in a military accident that resulted in more than 100 casualties.[32][3] His brother, Zahid Abbasi, was also injured in that incident,[3][9] after which he went into coma and died in 2005, having remained bedridden for 17 years.[119][120] His sister Sadia Abbasi has been a member of the Senate of Pakistan.[3][9] His father-in-law, General Muhammad Riaz Abbasi, was the director-general of the Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) from 1977 to 1979.[3][9][18]

Abbasi is a businessman[121] and an aviation expert.[122] Reportedly, he is the owner of Airblue, which he founded in 2003,[5] but he has denied being a current stakeholder, saying he has not visited the airline's office for years.[123][124] He is one of the richest parliamentarians in Pakistan,[125][18] with a net worth of 1.3 billion (US$12 million)[126] to 2.3 billion (US$22 million).[127] His assets include shares in Airblue, a house in Islamabad, a restaurant business, and land properties in Murree.[126][128] He is also an aviation enthusiast and an amateur skydiver.[129] He is the first Prime Minister of Pakistan to participate in a Pakistan Air Force mission and fly in a F-16 Fighting Falcon.[130] According to DAWN, he is a reserved, media-shy person.[131]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ NA-36 was later renamed NA-50.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Detail Information". www.pildat.org. The Pakistan Institute of Legislative Development and Transparency. Archived from the original on 19 April 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Kartikeya Ramanathan and Rezaul H Laskar (29 July 2017). "Who are Shehbaz Sharif and Khaqan Abbasi, PLM-N’s replacements for Nawaz Sharif as Pakistan PM". Hindustan Times. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Abbasi, Abid Fazil (30 July 2017). "Murree residents welcome Abbasi’s nomination as PM". DAWN. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Al-awsat, Asharq (12 August 2017). "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi … the ‘Other Face’ of Pakistan’s Nawaz Sharif – ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English". ASHARQ AL-AWSAT English. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h "PML-N, allies likely to take PM slot with huge support". Pakistan Today. 31 July 2017. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d "Profile of Shahid Khaqan Abbasi: Pakistan’s interim prime minister". The News. 30 July 2017. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Profile of PML-N nominee Shahid Khaqan Abbasi". Associated Press Of Pakistan. 30 July 2017. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  8. ^ M Bilal Baseer Abbasi (30 July 2017). "Murree People welcome Shahid Khaqan Abbasi nomination as interim Premier – The Frontier Post". The Frontier Post. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c d Zubair Qureshi (31 July 2017). "It’s party time for Murree residents as PM nominated from their constituency – PakObserver". PakObserver. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  10. ^ "Lawrence College’s 150 years celebrated". The News. Archived from the original on 24 April 2017. Retrieved 23 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "All you need to know about the next interim PM–Shahid Khaqan Abbasi". Samaa TV. 29 July 2017. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "Profiles: Shahbaz Sharif and Shahid Khaqan Abbasi". DAWN. 29 July 2017. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  13. ^ a b c d Mubashir Zaidi (29 July 2017). "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi made interim PM of Pakistan". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Cold Murree seems warming up to PML-N". DAWN. 25 December 2007. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  15. ^ a b Correspondent, Sana Jamal, (29 July 2017). "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi appointed as interim PM of Pakistan". GulfNews. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  16. ^ Aziz, Shaikh (21 February 2016). "A leaf from history: Junejo’s government sacked". DAWN. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  17. ^ Crossette, Barbara (13 November 1988). "THE WORLD: Election Wednesday; After Zia, Pakistan Takes Well To Politics". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g Masood, Salman; Goldman, Russell (1 August 2017). "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi: What You Need to Know About Pakistan’s New Prime Minister". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  19. ^ Shaikh, Muhammad Ali (2000). Benazir Bhutto : a political biography. Karachi: Oriental Books Publishing House. ISBN 9789698534004. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  20. ^ a b Abbasi, Abid Fazil (4 May 2013). "Tough contest for Shahid Khaqan in NA-50". DAWN. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  21. ^ Newspaper, From the (30 March 2013). "Election activities pick up pace in Murree". DAWN. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  22. ^ Nasir, Abbas (1 June 2013). "Some Sharif memories". DAWN. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  23. ^ a b "Editorial". DAWN. 4 June 2006. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  24. ^ a b c "Chronology of prime ministers". DAWN. 27 June 2004. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  25. ^ a b c Schottli, Jivanta; Mitra, Subrata K.; Wolf, Siegried (2015). A Political and Economic Dictionary of South Asia. Routledge. ISBN 9781135355760. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  26. ^ "1990 polls were also rigged on polling day". The News. 12 November 2012. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  27. ^ "In pictures: The rise and fall of Nawaz Sharif". DAWN. 27 July 2017. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  28. ^ a b c Jamil, Farah (7 June 2013). "26 member Cabinet to take oath today". Aaj News. Archived from the original on 21 January 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2016. 
  29. ^ Burns, John F. (5 February 1997). "Muslim Party Gets Huge Margin in Pakistan's Parliament". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 13 November 2008. 
  30. ^ a b "Former PIA chairman acquitted". DAWN. Dawn. 14 September 2008. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  31. ^ "Airline industry on the move". Dawn. 10 May 2004. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  32. ^ a b c d e Newspaper, From the (17 June 2013). "MNA, MPA from Murree land key ministries". Dawn. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  33. ^ "Nisar to coordinate coalition affairs". The News. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  34. ^ Weiner, Tim; Levine, Steve (18 October 1999). "PAKISTANI GENERAL FORMS NEW PANEL TO GOVERN NATION". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  35. ^ a b Baxter, Craig (2004). Pakistan on the Brink: Politics, Economics, and Society. Lexington Books. ISBN 9780739104989. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  36. ^ Zulfikar, Celia W. Dugger With Raja (15 October 1999). "PAKISTAN MILITARY COMPLETES SEIZURE OF ALL AUTHORITY". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  37. ^ Alam, Aftab, ed. (2001). Pakistan's fourth military coup. Delhi: Raj. ISBN 978-8186208151. 
  38. ^ a b Drazen Jorgic (9 August 2017). "Pakistan's skydiving PM seen soothing military, energy fears". Reuters. Archived from the original on 9 August 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2017. 
  39. ^ The Newspaper's Staff (16 June 2015). "Sharif-Musharraf exile agreement sought". DAWN. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  40. ^ Azaz Syed (12 October 2008). "Musharraf's pilot wiped out record". The Nation. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  41. ^ "2002 polls were also rigged by a COAS". The News. 21 October 2012. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. 
  42. ^ Asghar, Raja (16 February 2008). "It is a battle of survival and revival in Rawalpindi". DAWN. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  43. ^ "PML-Q has a great fall!". The News. Archived from the original on 2017-08-06. 
  44. ^ a b c d فاروقی, آصف (30 July 2017). "شاہد خاقان عباسی دھیمے مزاج اور صلح جُو طبیعت کے مالک". BBC Urdu. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  45. ^ "Why did ED202 pilot stray to the hills?". Dawn. 29 July 2010. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 10 October 2016. 
  46. ^ "Airblue shows profit". Dawn. 20 December 2006. Archived from the original on 18 October 2016. Retrieved 17 October 2016. 
  47. ^ "Nawaz Sharif feared arrest after deportation in ’07". DAWN. 20 May 2011. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 20 August 2017. 
  48. ^ Raza, Syed Irfan (20 February 2008). "PML-N sweeps in Pindi, Islamabad". DAWN. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  49. ^ "PPP, PML-N in sight of magical number". DAWN. 20 February 2008. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  50. ^ "The winner has to share". DAWN. 4 August 2010. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  51. ^ "Zardari, Nawaz agree to form coalition". DAWN. 22 February 2008. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  52. ^ a b "Gilani to sit on resignations till Asif’s return: Decision final: Nisar". DAWN. Dawn. 14 May 2008. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  53. ^ "President accepts 'N' resignations". The Nation. 14 September 2008. Archived from the original on 21 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  54. ^ Wasim, Amir (13 May 2008). "PML-N walks out after hitting brick wall: Judges issue splits coalition; ministers to quit federal cabinet today". DAWN. Archived from the original on 30 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  55. ^ Wasim, Amir (26 August 2008). "Nawaz pulls out of coalition: Justice Saeeduz Zaman is PML-N candidate for president’s post". DAWN. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  56. ^ "Pakistan, Iran break ground on pipeline project". DAWN. 11 March 2013. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  57. ^ Obaid Abbasi (13 May 2013). "Elections 2013: PML-N triumphs in Murree’s NA-50 and PP-1 – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  58. ^ Mubashir Hassan (20 April 2015). "Cantonment polls a test case for PML-N ministers". The Nation. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 
  59. ^ Tayyab Hussain. "25-member cabinet takes oath". Pakistan Today. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  60. ^ "Another feather in Abbasi’s cap – PakObserver". PakObserver. 29 August 2017. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017. 
  61. ^ a b c Zafar, Bhutta (1 August 2017). "LNG scandal: Attempt to discredit Abbasi? – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  62. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (31 July 2017). "Khaqan Abbasi faces NAB inquiry over LNG contract". DAWN. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  63. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (2 August 2017). "NAB probe against Shahid Khaqan Abbasi closed in December". DAWN. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  64. ^ "Pakistan prime minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi denies corruption in 2013 LNG project". Firstpost. 2 August 2017. Archived from the original on 2 August 2017. Retrieved 2 August 2017. 
  65. ^ Sarfraz Ali. "PM Nawaz Sharif steps down; federal cabinet stands dissolved". Daily Pakistan Global. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  66. ^ Drazen Jorgic (29 July 2017). "Pakistan's ruling party to appoint Sharif loyalist Abbasi as interim PM: sources". Reuters. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  67. ^ "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi to be nominated as interim Pakistan PM, say reports". The Indian Express. 2017-07-29. Archived from the original on 2017-07-29. Retrieved 2017-07-29. 
  68. ^ Bilal, Muhammad (29 July 2017). "Shahbaz tapped as successor to Nawaz Sharif, Shahid Khaqan Abbasi as interim PM". DAWN. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 29 July 2017. 
  69. ^ Drazen Jorgic and Asif Shahzad (30 July 2017). "Pakistan set to elect new prime minister Tuesday". Reuters. Archived from the original on 13 August 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017. 
  70. ^ Hamid Mir (30 July 2017). "The baton in Pakistan passes from Nawaz Sharif to Shahbaz". The Indian Express. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  71. ^ a b Chaudhry, Fahad (1 August 2017). "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi sworn in as prime minister of Pakistan". DAWN. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  72. ^ "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi elected as interim PM". Pakistan Today. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  73. ^ "JUI-F backs Shahid Khaqan Abbasi for PM seat – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 31 July 2017. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  74. ^ Aoun Sahi (1 August 2017). "Pakistan lawmakers elect new prime minister — who's likely to step aside in 45 days". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  75. ^ "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi sworn in as 18th prime minister". Geo News. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  76. ^ "Shahbaz to remain in Punjab, Abbasi to serve as PM till 2018". The Nation. Archived from the original on 7 August 2017. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  77. ^ Sajid Zia. "Demand for keeping Shehbaz in Punjab getting stronger". The Nation. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  78. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (2 August 2017). "Sana opposes Shahbaz’s elevation to Centre". DAWN. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  79. ^ Tariq Butt. "Shahbaz Sharif likely to stay in Punjab". The News. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  80. ^ "Pakistan’s new PM forms cabinet with an eye to 2018 poll". GulfNews. 4 August 2017. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  81. ^ Rakesh Sood (2 August 2017). "The empire strikes back". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  82. ^ Akbar, Malik Siraj (29 July 2017). "Why Could Pakistan Punish Sharif But Not Musharraf?". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  83. ^ Mian Abrar (4 August 2017). "PM Khaqan Abbasi’s 43-member cabinet takes oath today". Pakistan Today. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  84. ^ Sanaullah Khan (4 August 2017). "New cabinet takes oath: Khawaja Asif foreign minister, Ahsan Iqbal interior minister". DAWN. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  85. ^ Raza, Syed Irfan (5 August 2017). "PM Abbasi’s bloated cabinet sworn in". DAWN. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  86. ^ "Pakistan’s new PM Shahid Khaqan Abbasi forms cabinet with an eye to 2018 poll". The Indian Express. 4 August 2017. Archived from the original on 4 August 2017. Retrieved 4 August 2017. 
  87. ^ Editor, Ashfaq Ahmed, UAE Deputy (7 August 2017). "Sharif must prepare party for next polls". GulfNews. Archived from the original on 8 August 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  88. ^ Malik, Mansoor (5 August 2017). "43-strong cabinet exposes PML-N fissures: PTI". DAWN. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  89. ^ "A Confident New Cabinet". The Nation. 5 August 2017. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  90. ^ a b Drazen Jorgic (4 August 2017). "Pakistan's new PM forms cabinet with an eye to 2018 poll". Reuters. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2017. 
  91. ^ a b c Dr. Pervez Tahir (11 August 2017). "PM acts to improve economic governance – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  92. ^ Khan, Mubarak Zeb (5 August 2017). "New ministries, divisions created for speedy implementation of economic policies". DAWN. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  93. ^ "PM constitutes seven new ministries". The Nation. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2017. 
  94. ^ "Power outages again". Daily Times. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  95. ^ "Four new ministers take oath at President House". DAWN. 10 August 2017. Archived from the original on 10 August 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2017. 
  96. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (11 August 2017). "Four more inducted into federal cabinet". DAWN. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  97. ^ a b c Raza, Syed Irfan (16 August 2017). "Abbasi inducts five special assistants into cabinet". DAWN. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2017. 
  98. ^ Reporter, The Newspaper's Staff (14 August 2017). "Five advisers appointed". DAWN. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  99. ^ Khan, Sanaullah (15 August 2017). "PM Abbasi appoints five new special assistants". DAWN. Archived from the original on 16 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  100. ^ "Number of PM’s advisers mounts to 7 – Samaa TV". Samaa. 23 August 2017. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 23 August 2017. 
  101. ^ a b Kamran Yousaf (5 August 2017). "A full-time foreign minister finally – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  102. ^ "Who is Khawaja Asif? Meet Pakistan’s first foreign minister since 2013". The Financial Express. 5 August 2017. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  103. ^ "Ministerial musical chairs". 5 August 2017. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  104. ^ "Pakistan’s new cabinet". Daily Times. 5 August 2017. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  105. ^ Shafqat Ali. "Duo to run foreign ministry again". The Nation. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  106. ^ Jeff Farrell (5 August 2017). "First Hindu appointed in Pakistan government in 20 years". The Independent. Archived from the original on 6 August 2017. Retrieved 6 August 2017. 
  107. ^ "New prime minister, old agenda". The Nation. 15 August 2017. Archived from the original on 15 August 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017. 
  108. ^ Javaid-ur-Rahman (12 August 2017). "Govt yet to call CCI for census results approval". The Nation. Archived from the original on 12 August 2017. Retrieved 12 August 2017. 
  109. ^ a b M A Niazi (11 August 2017). "The shape of the succession". The Nation. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  110. ^ Sherani, Tahir (11 August 2017). "PM takes charge of ECC after removing Ishaq Dar as chairman". DAWN. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 11 August 2017. 
  111. ^ "PM announces Rs25b package for Karachi – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 12 August 2017. Archived from the original on 14 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  112. ^ a b Masood, Salman (22 August 2017). "Trump’s Request for India’s Help in Afghanistan Rattles Pakistan". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 25 August 2017. Retrieved 27 August 2017. 
  113. ^ "US threat: Abbasi courts Saudi royals to ramp up support – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 23 August 2017. Archived from the original on 27 August 2017. Retrieved 26 August 2017. 
  114. ^ "Pakistan, S Arabia to enhance cooperation towards peace and security". The News. 24 August 2017. Archived from the original on 23 August 2017. Retrieved 24 August 2017. 
  115. ^ Dawn.com, APP (20 September 2017). "Pakistan, US agree to remain engaged as Abbasi meets vice president Mike Pence". DAWN.COM. Archived from the original on 20 September 2017. Retrieved 20 September 2017. 
  116. ^ Masood Haider, Anwar Iqbal (22 September 2017). "Abbasi, Trump emphasise need to continue bilateral ties". DAWN.COM. Archived from the original on 22 September 2017. Retrieved 23 September 2017. 
  117. ^ Mehmood, Khurram (29 August 2017). "Footprints: where the heart is". DAWN. Archived from the original on 29 August 2017. Retrieved 29 August 2017. 
  118. ^ Arshad, Sameer (7 May 2013). "Caste plays dominant role in Pak elections". Times of India. Archived from the original on 6 December 2016. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  119. ^ Wasim, Amir (10 April 2007). "Ojhri Camp tragedy lives on: Cause remains undisclosed". DAWN. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  120. ^ Wasim, Amir (11 April 2008). "20 years on, Ojhri Camp truth remains locked up". DAWN. Archived from the original on 29 July 2017. Retrieved 30 July 2017. 
  121. ^ India, Press Trust of (1 August 2017). "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi: From Nawaz Sharif loyalist to accidental Pakistan PM". Business Standard India. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  122. ^ Qadeer Tanoli (1 August 2017). "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi elected new PM – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  123. ^ "Abbasi accused of making money in wake of PIA crisis – The Express Tribune". The Express Tribune. 5 February 2016. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  124. ^ Ali, Kalbe (5 February 2016). "Shahid Khaqan accused of cashing in on PIA crisis". DAWN. Dawn. Archived from the original on 30 October 2016. Retrieved 30 October 2016. 
  125. ^ "Nawaz Sharif among richest politicians". The Hindu. 23 April 2016. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 14 August 2017. 
  126. ^ a b Ghauri, Irfan (16 June 2017). "Assets details: Nawaz retains status of a billionaire". The Express Tribune. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  127. ^ Ali, Kalbe (29 March 2013). "Some politicians rolling in fabulous wealth". Dawn. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  128. ^ "Richest MNA is worth Rs32bn, fears for his safety". Dawn. 7 May 2012. Archived from the original on 31 July 2017. Retrieved 31 July 2017. 
  129. ^ Zahra-malik, Mehreen (1 August 2017). "Pakistan’s Interim Leader Says He’s No ‘Bench Warmer’". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 1 August 2017. 
  130. ^ "Shahid Khaqan Abbasi Becomes First Pakistani PM To Fly In F-16 Fighter Jet". NDTV. 10 September 2017. Archived from the original on 9 September 2017. Retrieved 10 September 2017. 
  131. ^ Wasim, Amir (2 August 2017). "Abbasi spells out plans to fight poverty, widen tax net". DAWN. Archived from the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
Government offices
Preceded by
Farooq Umar
Chair of Pakistan International Airlines
1997–1999
Succeeded by
Ahmad Saeed
Political offices
Preceded by
Humayun Akhtar Khan
Minister for Commerce
2008
Succeeded by
Ameen Faheem
Preceded by
Asim Hussain
Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources
2013–2017
Succeeded by
Himself
as Minister for Energy
Preceded by
Nawaz Sharif
Prime Minister of Pakistan
2017–present
Incumbent
Preceded by
Himself
as Minister for Petroleum and Natural Resources
Minister for Energy
2017–present
Preceded by
Khawaja Muhammad Asif
as Minister for Water and Power