Science information on Wikipedia

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Science information on Wikipedia includes the information which Wikipedia presents about science. It critiques and discusses the impact and quality of that information, and the culture of Wikipedia editors, scientists, and layman engagement with this information.

Impact[edit]

A 2017 study found evidence that Wikipedia's popularity as the most popular general information source has influenced how everyone talks and writes about science.[1][2]

A 2016 study found evidence that Wikipedia increases the distribution and impact of open access science publications.[3]

UNESCO reports that Wikipedia is a popular source of science information because Wikipedia has high ranking in search engines.[4]

A 2018 study examined the way that Wikipedia integrates new scientific information.[5]

Editors[edit]

In 2016 the Wiki Education Foundation and the Simons Foundation presented an outreach program called the "Year of Science". In this program, Wikipedia educators visited academic conferences and invited scientists to contribute information from their field of expertise to Wikipedia.[6]

Some universities have programs to encourage students to edit Wikipedia's science articles as part of the learning experience.[7]

The Wikipedia community invites academics to edit Wikipedia articles.[8]

Various academic societies have encouraged their membership to edit Wikipedia.[9]

Quality[edit]

A 2005 study published in the journal Nature compared 40 Wikipedia articles on science topics to their Encyclopædia Britannica counterpart. Subject experts found four "serious errors" in each encyclopedia. They also found 162 less serious problems in Wikipedia, and 123 in Britannica.[10]

A popular science writer for Vice complained in 2017 that Wikipedia's science articles were too technical.[11]

Various scientists and media organizations have questioned and critiqued the extent to which Wikipedia articles on science influence political decisions relating to science.[12] [13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thompson, Neil; Hanley, Douglas (19 September 2017). "Science Is Shaped by Wikipedia: Evidence from a Randomized Control Trial". Social Science Research Network (MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 5238-17.). 
  2. ^ Zastrow, Mark (26 September 2017). "Wikipedia shapes language in science papers". Nature. Nature Publishing Group. doi:10.1038/nature.2017.22656. 
  3. ^ Teplitskiy, Misha; Lu, Grace; Duede, Eamon (September 2017). "Amplifying the impact of open access: Wikipedia and the diffusion of science". Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology. 68 (9): 2116–2127. arXiv:1506.07608Freely accessible. doi:10.1002/asi.23687. 
  4. ^ Natural Sciences Sector (9 May 2017). "The UNESCO Science Report finds a new public on Wikipedia". UNESCO. United Nations. 
  5. ^ Benjakob, Omer; Aviram, Rona (17 April 2018). "A Clockwork Wikipedia: From a Broad Perspective to a Case Study". Journal of Biological Rhythms. 33 (3): 233–244. doi:10.1177/0748730418768120. 
  6. ^ Simons Foundation (1 March 2017). "Mind the Gaps: Improving the Science on Wikipedia". Simons Foundation. 
  7. ^ Neal, Meghan (11 February 2016). "Science Students Are Writing Wikipedia Articles Instead of Term Papers". Motherboard. 
  8. ^ Shafee, Thomas; Mietchen, Daniel; Su, Andrew I. (11 August 2017). "Academics can help shape Wikipedia". Science. 357 (6351): 557.2–558. Bibcode:2017Sci...357..557S. doi:10.1126/science.aao0462. 
  9. ^ Goldstein, Evan B. (27 January 2017). "Three Reasons Why Earth Scientists Should Edit Wikipedia". Eos. American Geophysical Union. 
  10. ^ "Study: Wikipedia as accurate as Britannica". CNET. Retrieved 2018-01-04. 
  11. ^ Byrne, Michael (12 October 2017). "Wikipedia's Science Articles Are Elitist". Motherboard. 
  12. ^ Lucassen, Teun; Dijkstra, Roald; Schraagen, Jan Maarten (2012-08-20). "Readability of Wikipedia". First Monday. 0 (0). 
  13. ^ Clark, Liat (17 August 2015). "Wikipedia wars are harming politically charged science". Wired. 
  14. ^ Collins, Nathan (18 August 2015). "The Political Controversy of Wikipedia Science Articles". Pacific Standard. 

External links[edit]