Sabiha Khanum

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Sabiha Khanum
Born Mukhtar Begum
16 October 1935
Gujrat, Punjab, British India
Years active 1950–present
Spouse(s) Santosh Kumar
Children Syed Ahsan Raza, Fareeha Shaharyar and Afia Chaudhry
Parent(s) Muhammad Ali & Iqbal Bano

Sabiha Khanum (Punjabi, Urdu: صبیحہ خانم‎, born Mukhtar Begum, 16 October 1935 in Gujrat) is a Pakistani film actress. She was the leading star of Pakistani cinema in the 1950s and 1960s and continued to play award-winning roles for films in the 1980s and 1990s. She also acted in some award-winning television dramas.

Most of Sabiha's movies were with her husband playing the lead role opposite her, the late Santosh Kumar (Syed Musa Raza). Sabiha and Santosh were highly regarded as the "perfect couple" by the public and they had built up a substantial fan following.

Early life[edit]

Mukhtar Begum or Sabiha Khanum is the daughter of Mohammad Ali (Maahia) from Delhi and Iqbal Begum (Baalo) from Amritsar, Punjab, British India. She was raised in a conservative rural environment by her grandparents, but got her first acting opportunity on stage in Lahore, after moving there to be with her father.

A cultural delegation visited a cinema house in Sialkot, Pakistan in 1948. Mukhtar Begum (then a young girl in 1948), who was part of the delegation, sang the Punjabi song "Kithhay gae yoon pardesia way" from the film Sassi Punnoon (which starred Baalu and Aslam). Her performance was praised, and soon Mohammad Ali introduced his daughter to a noted stage drama writer and poet, Nafees Khaleeli. Noting her determination, Khaleeli offered her a role in the drama Buut Shikan, which she accepted. Nafees Khaleeli gave her the screen name of Sabiha Khanum.

Her Current Life[edit]

She lives with her daughter in Leesburg, Virginia, USA.

Her career[edit]

On Nafees Khaleeli's request, the film director Masood Pervez offered her a role in the film Beli (1950), giving Sabiha her debut as a film actress in 1950. Beli was also the first film of Masood Pervez as a director; the cast was Santosh Kumar, Shaheena and Sabiha Khanum.

Next Sabiha played the role of 'Noori' in famous director/producer Anwar Kamal Pasha's Silver Jubilee film Do Ansoo (1950), starring Santosh, Gulshan Ara and Sabiha.

Sabiha gained some more recognition in her next movie Aaghosh, directed by Murtaza Jilani, starring Santosh, Sabiha, and Gulshan Ara. Her role, in the film 'Ghulam', released in 1953, directed by Anwar Kamal Pasha, with Santosh was also well received.Film directors admired her ability to improvise because she was talented and ambitious.

Her role in the film Gumnaam (1954) was also appreciated by the movie-goers. The movie was directed by Anwar Kamal Pasha, starring Seema, Sudhir and Sabiha Khanum. This film is a story about a mentally retarded girl, played by Sabiha, is a pleasure to watch. She played the role of 'Nooran' in the romantic Punjabi film, Dulla Bhatti (1956) directed by M.S. Daar and this movie celebrated its Golden Jubilee at the Pakistani cinemas.

Sabiha was cast opposite all renowned actors of her time. However, she will be remembered most for her films with Santosh Kumar. Along the way, she found the love of her life - Santosh Kumar. Once married, they had a successful marriage and had 3 kids together.

Movie-goers were treated to a succession of films about popular romance like the film Waada (1957) starring Sabiha and Santosh. This film was followed by another spate of magnificent movies, which provided countless hours of pleasure to millions of their fans. Sheikh Chilli (1958), Aas Paas (1957), Sassi (1954), Sohni (1955), Choti Begum (1956), Daata (1957), Hatim (1956), Saat Laakh (1957), Dil Mein Tu (1958), Ayaz (1960), Mehfil (1955) , Pervaaz (1954), Toofan (1955) and Ishq-E-Laila (1957) are a few names to mention.

Sabiha's achievement along with Santosh Kumar in the following films is still noteworthy ; Mukhra (1958), Muskurahat (1959), Rishta (1963), Hasrat (1958), Ishrat, Shikwa (1963), Teray Baghair (1959), Mauseeqar (1962), Dulhan, Kaneez (1965 film), Dewar Bhabi (1967), Shaam Dhalay (1960), Pak Daman (1969), Anjuman (1970), Sarfarosh (1956), Inteqaam (1955), Qatil (1955), Sawaal (1966), Commander (1968), and Mohabbat (1972). Her role in the film Anjuman (1970 film) was very well-liked. Director Hasan Tariq's films Tehzeeb (1971) and Ik Gunah Aur Sahi (1975), Director Zia Sarhadi's film Rah Guzar (1960), Director Zahoor Raja's film Deewana (1964) and Director Jameel Akhtar's film Aik Raat.

Sabiha Khanum, the first lady of the Pakistani silver screen, won the Pride of Performance award from the Government of Pakistan in 1986.

The following two national songs which she sang at the Pakistan Television program Silver Jubilee in 1982 were appreciated by the audience:

  • Sohni dharti Allah rakhay qadam qadam aabad tujhay
  • Jug jug jeeye mera pyara watan, lub pay dua hai dil mein lagun

In Anwar Maqsood's stage show, Silver Jubilee, she rendered the following song Yaad karoon tujhay sham saweray from the film Mauseeqar (1962). As the final lyrics faded away that evening, the audience stood up and applauded.

Sabiha Khanum, who has been in the public eye for four decades, finally retired, and now lives with her eldest daughter in the U.S.A. Her son and the youngest daughter are also settled there.

Awards[edit]

Sabiha Khanum has won several Nigar awards during her lifetime:

Filmography[edit]

  • 1950 Beli
  • 1950 Do Ansoo
  • 1950 Hamari basti
  • 1951 Ghairat
  • 1951 Pinjra
  • 1953 Barkha
  • 1953 Ghulam
  • 1953 Sailab
  • 1953 Aaghosh
  • 1954 Gumnam
  • 1954 Raat ki baat
  • 1954 Sassi
  • 1955 Inteqam
  • 1955 Mehfil
  • 1955 Qatil
  • 1955 Shararay
  • 1955 Sohni
  • 1955 Toofan
  • 1956 Chhoti Begum
  • 1956 Dulla Bhatti
  • 1956 Hameeda
  • 1956 Hatim
  • 1956 Sarfarosh
  • 1957 Bholey Khan
  • 1957 Daata
  • 1957 Ishq-e-Laila
  • 1957 Pasban
  • 1957 Sardar
  • 1957 Saat Laakh
  • 1957 Waada
  • 1957 Aankh ka Nasha
  • 1957 Aas Paas
  • 1958 Darbar
  • 1958 Dil Mein Tuu (Urdu)
  • 1958 Hasrat
  • 1958 Mukhra
  • 1958 Sheikh Chilli
  • 1959 Muskarahat
  • 1959 Naghma-e-Dil
  • 1959 Naaji
  • 1959 Tere Baghair
  • 1959 Aaj Kal
  • 1960 Ayaz
  • 1960 Rahguzar
  • 1960 Saltanat
  • 1960 Sham Dhalay
  • 1962 Mausiqaar
  • 1963 Daaman
  • 1963 Rishta
  • 1963 Shikwa
  • 1964 Deevana
  • 1964 Ishrat
  • 1965 Kaneez (1965 film)
  • 1966 Sawaal
  • 1966 Tasveer
  • 1967 Devar Bhabi
  • 1967 Sitamgar
  • 1967 Aag
  • 1968 Commander
  • 1968 Naheed
  • 1968 Shehnshah-e-Jahangir
  • 1969 Ladla
  • 1969 Maa Beta
  • 1969 Pakdaaman
  • 1970 Anjuman
  • 1970 Matrai Maa
  • 1970 Mohabbat Rang Laaey Gi
  • 1970 Sajna Duur Daya
  • 1971 Banda Bashar
  • 1971 Bhain Bhara
  • 1971 Garhasti
  • 1971 Jaltey Sooraj Ke Neechay
  • 1971 Tehzeeb
  • 1971 Yaar Des Punjab De
  • 1972 Ek Raat
  • 1972 Mohabbat
  • 1972 Sirr Da Saiin
  • 1972 Aao Pyar Karein
  • 1973 Khawab Aur Zindagi
  • 1973 Sharabi
  • 1974 Deedar
  • 1974 Miss Hippy
  • 1974 Pyar Di Nishani
  • 1974 Qismat
  • 1974 Rangi
  • 1974 Sayyo Ni Mera Mahi
  • 1975 Bikhrey Moti (Urdu)
  • 1975 Dhan Jigra Maa Da (Punjabi)
  • 1975 Farz Te Aulaad (Punjabi)
  • 1975 Ik Gunah Aur Sahi (Urdu)
  • 1975 Isar (Urdu)
  • 1975 Neki Badi (Urdu)
  • 1975 Pehchaan (Urdu)
  • 1975 Roshni (Urdu)
  • 1975 Watan Iman (Punjabi)
  • 1975 Zanjeer (Urdu)
  • 1976 Aulad (Urdu)
  • 1976 Rastey Ka Pathar (Urdu)
  • 1976 Wardat (Punjabi)
  • 1976 Zubaida (Urdu)
  • 1977 Kalu (Urdu)
  • 1977 Mere Hazoor (Urdu)
  • 1977 Aag Aur Zindagi (Urdu)
  • 1978 Abhi Tau Mein Jawan Huun (Urdu)
  • 1978 Haidar Ali (Urdu)
  • 1978 Shera (Punjabi)
  • 1978 Tamashbeen (Punjabi)
  • 1979 Do Raastey (Urdu)
  • 1979 Raja Ki Aaye Gi Barat (Urdu)
  • 1979 Waday Ki Zanjeer (Urdu)
  • 1980 Badmashi Band (Punjabi)
  • 1980 Rishta (Urdu)
  • 1981 Anokha Daaj (Punjabi)
  • 1981 "Chan Suraj" (Punjabi)
  • 1981 Parvah Nahin (Punjabi)
  • 1982 Sangdil (Urdu)
  • 1982 Wohti Jee (Punjabi)
  • 1984 Ishq Nachawey Gali Gali (Punjabi)
  • 1984 Kamyabi (Urdu)
  • 1985 Deewane Do (Urdu)
  • 1985 Mehak (Urdu)
  • 1989 Mohabbat Ho Tau Aisi (Urdu)
  • 1994 Saranga[2]

References[edit]

External links[edit]