Red Karen language
Kayah Li alphabet (eky,kyu)|
Latin alphabet (kyu,kxf)
Myanmar alphabet (kyu,kxf)
The name Kayah is "a new name invented by the Burmese to split them off from other Karen".
Eastern Kayah is reported to have been spoken by 260,000 in Burma and 100,000 in Thailand in 2000, and Western Kayah by 210,000 in Burma in 1987. They are rather divergent. Among the Western dialects are Yintale and Manu (Manumanaw in Burmese).
Distribution and varieties
Eastern Kayah is spoken in:
Eastern Kayah dialects are Upper Eastern Kayah and Lower Eastern Kayah, which are mutually intelligible. The speech variety of Huai Sua Thaw village (Lower Eastern) is prestigious for both dialect groups. The Eastern Kayah have difficulty understanding the Western Kayah.
- northern dialect: Shan State (north of Loikaw)
- southern dialect: Hpruso and Dimawso townships (south of Loikaw)
Western Kayah dialects are part of a dialect continuum of Central Karen varieties stretching from Thailand. They include:
- Northern dialect of Western Kayah
- Southern dialect of Western Kayah
- Chi Kwe
- Wan Cheh
Yintale dialects are Bawlake and Wa Awng.
Kawyaw dialects are Tawkhu and Doloso, which have been reported to be difficult to mutually understand.
- Eastern Kayah at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Western Kayah at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Yintale at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
Manumanaw (Manu) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kayah". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yintale Karen". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Manumanaw Karen". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Christopher Beckwith, International Association for Tibetan Studies, 2002. Medieval Tibeto-Burman languages, p. 108.
- Aung, Wai Lin. 2013. A Descriptive Grammar of Kayah Monu. Master’s thesis, Payap University.
- Kirkland, Cortney, and Erin Dawkins. 2007. A Sociolinguistic survey of Eastern Kayah Li in Thailand. Chiang Mai: Payap University.
- Shintani Tadahiko. 2018. The Yintalay language. Linguistic survey of Tay cultural area (LSTCA) no. 115. Tokyo: Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa (ILCAA).
- "E-books for children with narration in Karenni". Unite for Literacy library. Retrieved 2014-06-21.
- Eastern Kayah Li basic lexicon at the Global Lexicostatistical Database