The United States Marine Corps Portal
The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the United States Armed Forces responsible for providing force projection from the sea, using the mobility of the United States Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces. It is one of seven uniformed services of the United States. In the civilian leadership structure of the United States military, the Marine Corps is a component of the United States Department of the Navy, often working closely with U.S. naval forces for training, transportation, and logistic purposes; however, in the military leadership structure the Marine Corps is a separate branch.
Captain Samuel Nicholas formed two battalions of Continental Marines on 10 November 1775 in Philadelphia as naval infantry. Since then, the mission of the Marine Corps has evolved with changing military doctrine and American foreign policy. The Marine Corps has served in every American armed conflict and attained prominence in the 20th century when its theories and practices of amphibious warfare proved prescient and ultimately formed the cornerstone of the Pacific campaign of World War II. By the mid-20th century, the Marine Corps had become the dominant theorist and practitioner of amphibious warfare. Its ability to rapidly respond on short notice to expeditionary crises gives it a strong role in the implementation and execution of American foreign policy.
The United States Marine Corps includes approximately 182,000 active duty Marines (as of 2016) and 38,500 reserve Marines. It is the smallest of the United States' armed forces in the Department of Defense (the United States Coast Guard is smaller, about one-fifth the size of the Marine Corps, but is normally under the Department of Homeland Security). The Marine Corps is nonetheless larger than the armed forces of many significant military powers; for example, it is larger than the active duty Israel Defense Forces, or the entire British Army.
This month in USMC history
- On June 6, 1918, during the Battle of Belleau Wood, the Marines lost more men than it had during its entire history up to that day.
- On June 8, 1995, the 24th Marine Expeditionary Unit rescued Air Force Captain Scott O'Grady from Bosnia during the Mrkonjić Grad incident.
- On June 10, 1871, Marines participate in the Battle of Ganghwa during the United States expedition to Korea.
- On June 12, 1948, the United States Congress passed the Women's Armed Services Integration Act, making women a permanent part of the regular Marine Corps.
- On June 12, 1961, President John F. Kennedy issued a proclamation requiring the Flag of the United States to fly over the Marine Corps War Memorial 24 hours a day.
- On June 18, 1945, Roy Geiger took command of the Tenth United States Army during the Battle of Okinawa.
- On June 26, 1891, the first Marines are assigned to Port Royal, South Carolina, what would later become Parris Island.
- In June 1918, Marines fought in the Battle of Belleau Wood and earned the nickname "Devil Dog". During this battle, the Marines suffered 4,677 casualties and 1,062 killed in action, and had 143 Navy Cross and 4 Medal of Honor recipients. The Battle of Belleau Woods was instrumental in stopping the German advance on Paris, and stands to this day as one of the most significant battles in Marine Corps history.
Did you know...?
- ... before "Semper Fidelis" became the Marine Corps official motto in 1883, there were three unofficial mottos: "By Sea and by Land," "Fortitudine," and "To the shores of Tripoli."
- ... Marine Corps pilots are now flying more flight hours per pilot than the U.S. Air Force Pilots. See Marine Corps Times Feb 15, 2018
- ... Overcoming nerve damage to his hand from the Battle of Iwo Jima, in 1992, Colonel Charles Waterhouse became the only Marine to receive the title "USMC Artist-in-Residence".
- ... Sergeant Reckless, a war horse for 5th Marines made 51 trips to haul ammo for the recoilless rifle section during Battle for Outpost Vegas of the Korean War and was wounded twice in battle.
- ... 5th Marines is the only Marine regiment to fight in every major war since World War I and is the most highly decorated regiment in the Marine Corps.
- ... The Small Wars Manual, published by the Marine Corps in 1940, and still considered a classic in military science, has a chapter dedicated to the supervision of elections.
"Honor, courage and commitment, the core values of the Marines, define how every Marine in the Corps thinks, acts and fights. Throughout the evolving battlefields of the 21st Century, every Marine in the Corps must be confident in the abilities of themselves—and each other. In the chaos of battle, character matters."
- ~ Held to Higher Standards, marines.com
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