Portal:Caribbean

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The CARIBBEAN PORTAL
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The Caribbean (/ˌkærɪˈbən/ or /kəˈrɪbiən/, local most common pronunciation /ˈkærɪˌbən/) is a region that consists of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (some surrounded by the Caribbean Sea and some bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean) and the surrounding coasts. The region is southeast of the Gulf of Mexico and the North American mainland, east of Central America, and north of South America.

Situated largely on the Caribbean Plate, the region comprises more than 700 islands, islets, reefs and cays. (See the list.) These islands generally form island arcs that delineate the eastern and northern edges of the Caribbean Sea. The Caribbean islands, consisting of the Greater Antilles on the north and the Lesser Antilles on the south and east (including the Leeward Antilles), are part of the somewhat larger West Indies grouping, which also includes the Lucayan Archipelago (comprising the Bahamas and Turks and Caicos Islands). The Lucayans and, less commonly, Bermuda, are also sometimes considered Caribbean despite the fact that none of these islands border the Caribbean Sea. In a wider sense, the mainland countries, regions, and territories of Belize, the Caribbean region of Colombia, Cozumel, the Yucatán Peninsula, Margarita Island, the Guyanas (Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Guayana Region in Venezuela, and Amapá in Brazil), are often included due to their political and cultural ties with the region.

Geopolitically, the Caribbean islands are usually regarded as a subregion of North America and are organized into 30 territories including sovereign states, overseas departments, and dependencies. From December 15, 1954, to October 10, 2010, there was a country known as the Netherlands Antilles composed of five states, all of which were Dutch dependencies. From January 3, 1958, to May 31, 1962, there was also a short-lived political union called the West Indies Federation composed of ten English-speaking Caribbean territories, all of which were then British dependencies. The West Indies cricket team continues to represent many of those nations. Read more...

Featured article

he Puerto Rican 65th Infantry Regiment's bayonet charge during the Korean War.
The military history of Puerto Rico encompasses the period from the 16th century, when Spanish conquistadores battled native Tainos, to the present employment of Puerto Ricans in the United States Armed Forces in the military campaigns in Afghanistan and Iraq.

Puerto Rico was part of the Spanish Empire for four centuries, when the Puerto Ricans defended themselves against invasions from the British, French, and Dutch. During the mid-19th century, the quest for Latin American independence from Spain spread to Puerto Rico, culminating in the failed revolution known as El Grito de Lares. The island was invaded by the United States during the Spanish–American War; the war ended when Spain officially ceded the island under the 1898 Treaty of Paris. Puerto Rico became a United States territory and a military regiment known as the Porto Rico Regiment was established on the island.

As citizens of the United States, Puerto Ricans have participated in every major United States military engagement from World War I, with Puerto Rico's 65th Infantry Regiment distinguishing themselves in combat during the Korean War.

Did you know?

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  • ...that there was, on average, one aircraft hijacking incident every eleven days in 1969 involving flights from United States being forcibly redirected to Cuba?
  • ...that the Caribbean Sea is a Mediterranean sea largely situated on the Caribbean Plate? And that estimates of the sea's age range from 20,000 years to 570 million years?

Selected music

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The Caribbean state of Trinidad and Tobago is best known as the homeland of calypso music, including 1950s stars Lord Kitchener and Mighty Sparrow. Other forms of music include Carnival songs like lavway and leggos, as well as bongo music (which originated at wakes).

Selected cuisine

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Caribbean Chinese cuisine is a popular style of food resulting from a fusion of Chinese and West Indian cuisines. The Chinese influence is predominantly Cantonese, the main source of Chinese immigrants to the West Indies. West Indian food is itself a mixture of African, British, Spanish, French, Indian and Indigenous cooking styles.

Selected picture

Caribbean Reef Squid (Sepioteuthis sepioidea)
Credit: Jan Derk, March 2005

Caribbean Reef Squid (Sepioteuthis sepioidea)

Caribbean News

  • March 7: Edwin Carrington, secretary general of the 12-member Caricom announces that the Caribbean Community intends to negotiate a free trade agreement with Central America, perhaps within the next six months.(JAMAICAN OBSERVER)
  • Feb 28: President of Cuba Fidel Castro makes a surprise phone call to Venezuelan President Hugo Chávez's radio talk show Aló Presidente, and the two leaders converse live on air for thirty minutes. During the conversation, Castro declares that he now has "more energy and strength".(PRAVDA)
  • Feb 28: United Nations troops move into slum areas of Haiti, where almost a quarter of a million people live, as part of a new "get tough" policy against the armed gangs. (BBC NEWS)

Selected geography article

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Trinidad and Tobago is an archipelagic republic consisting of 23 islands in the southern Caribbean between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, northeast of Venezuela. They are southeasterly islands of the Lesser Antilles, located close to the South American mainland. Covering an area of 5,128 square kilometres (1,979 square miles), the country consists of the two main islands, Trinidad and Tobago, and 21 smaller islands – including Chacachacare, Monos, Huevos, Gaspar Grande (or Gasparee), Little Tobago, and St. Giles Island. Trinidad is 11 km (7 mi) off the northeast coast of Venezuela and 130 km south of the Grenadines.

Related portals

Caribbean Island Topics

Caribbean Community Caribbean
Flag of Anguilla.svg Anguilla
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda
Flag of Aruba.svg Aruba
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas
Flag of Barbados.svg Barbados
Flag of Belize.svg Belize
Flag of Bonaire.svg Bonaire
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg British Virgin Islands
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg Cayman Islands
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba
Flag of Curaçao.svg Curaçao

Flag of Dominica.svg Dominica
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic
Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada
Flag of France.svg Guadeloupe
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica
Flag of France.svg Martinique
Flag of Montserrat.svg Montserrat
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg Puerto Rico
Flag of France.svg Saint Barthélemy

Flag of Saba.svg Saba
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia
Flag of France.svg Saint Martin
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Flag of Sint Eustatius.svg Sint Eustatius
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg Sint Maarten
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg Turks and Caicos Islands
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg United States Virgin Islands

Regions and Cities

Flag of the West Indies Federation.svg West Indies Federation

Flag of the Netherlands Antilles (1986–2010).svg Netherlands Antilles

Culture and Interests

 West Indies Cricket