Portal:Apple Inc.

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Apple Inc. is an American multinational corporation that designs and manufactures consumer electronics, computer software, and servers. The company's best-known hardware products include Macintosh computers, the iPod, the iPhone and the iPad. Apple software includes the macOS operating system; the iTunes media browser; Safari web browser; the iLife suite of multimedia and creativity software; the iWork suite of productivity software; Aperture, a professional and consumer photography package; Final Cut Studio, a suite of professional film-industry and home audio and video editing software products; and Logic Studio, a professional music and audio production suite. As of December 2017, the company operates 499 retail stores in nineteen countries, and an online store where hardware and software products are sold. Apple is a generally popular company that manufactures many digital devices including the iPhone, the iPad and the iPod and Mac line-ups.

Established in Cupertino, California on April 1, 1976 and incorporated January 3, 1977, the company was initially called Apple Computer, Inc. for its first 30 years, but dropped the word "Computer" on January 9, 2007 to reflect the company's expansion into the consumer electronics market in addition to its historic focus on personal computers. Apple has about 123,000 employees worldwide and had worldwide annual sales of US$52.6 billion in its fiscal year ending September 30, 2017. For reasons as various as its philosophy of comprehensive aesthetic design to its distinctive advertising campaigns, Apple has established a unique reputation in the consumer electronics industry. This includes a customer base that is devoted to the company and its brand, particularly in the United States. Fortune magazine named Apple the most admired company in the United States in 2008 and in the world in 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2017.

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Xgrid is a proprietary program and distributed computing protocol developed by the Advanced Computation Group subdivision of Apple Inc that allows networked computers to contribute to a single task. It provides network administrators a method of creating a computing cluster, which allows them to exploit previously unused computational power for calculations that can be divided easily into smaller operations, such as Mandelbrot maps. The setup of an Xgrid cluster can be achieved at next to no cost, as Xgrid client is pre-installed on all computers running Mac OS X 10.4 to Mac OS X 10.7. The Xgrid client was not included in Mac OS X 10.8. The Xgrid controller, the job scheduler of the Xgrid operation, is also included within Mac OS X Server and as a free download from Apple. Apple has kept the command-line job control mechanism minimalist while providing an API to develop more sophisticated tools built around it. These computers, or nodes, execute the instructions provided by the controller and then return the results. The controller assembles the individual task results into the whole job results and returns them to the initiating computer. Apple modeled the design of Xgrid on the Zilla program, distributed with NeXT's OPENSTEP operating system application programming interface (API), which Apple owned the rights to. The company also opted to provide the client version of Mac OS X with only command-line functions and little flexibility, while giving the Mac OS X Server version of Xgrid a GUI control panel and a full set of features.


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iPhone 3GS
Credit: nvog86

The iPhone 3GS is a touchscreen smartphone, designed and marketed by Apple Inc. It is the third generation iPhone, successor to the iPhone 3G. It was introduced on June 8, 2009, at the WWDC 2009 which took place at the Moscone Center, San Francisco.

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Did you know...

...that iPod Touch/iPhone game Doodle Jump has been the top paid downloaded app in five countries including the US?
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The Apple Store is a chain of retail stores owned and operated by Apple Inc., dealing in computers and consumer electronics. As of July 2010 Apple has opened 295 stores : 225 in 41 US states, 27 in the United Kingdom (23 in England, 2 in Scotland, 1 in Northern Ireland and 1 in Wales), 15 in Canada, 8 in Australia, 7 in Japan, 4 in China, 3 in Switzerland, 3 in Germany, 3 in France, 2 in Italy, 1 in Austria, and 1 in the Netherlands.

The stores sell Apple Macintosh personal computers and software, iPods, iPads, iPhones, third-party accessories, and other consumer electronics such as the Apple TV. Many stores feature a theatre for presentations and workshops, the Studio for training with Apple products, and all stores offer a Genius Bar for technical support and repairs, as well as free workshops available to the public. The Apple Retail Store design has resulted from the contributions of firms such as Bohlin Cywinski Jackson, Eckersley O’Callaghan, Eight Inc., Gensler, and ISP Design, Inc. to name a few, together with the Apple in-house design team.

Shown above is one of the flagship stores in Carrousel du Louvre, Paris, France.

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Steve Jobs
Steven Paul "Steve" Jobs
B. February 24, 1955 – d. October 5, 2011

Steve Jobs was an American entrepreneur and inventor, best known as the co-founder, chairman, and CEO of Apple Inc. Through Apple, he was widely recognized as a charismatic pioneer of the personal computer revolution and for his influential career in the computer and consumer electronics fields, transforming "one industry after another, from computers and smartphones to music and movies..." In the late 1970s, Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak engineered one of the first commercially successful lines of personal computers, the Apple II series. Jobs was among the first to see the commercial potential of Xerox PARC's mouse-driven graphical user interface, which led to the creation of the Apple Lisa and, one year later, the Macintosh. He also played a role in introducing the LaserWriter, one of the first widely available laser printers, to the market. After a power struggle with the board of directors in 1985, Jobs left Apple and founded NeXT, a computer platform development company specializing in the higher-education and business markets. Jobs returned to Apple as an advisor, and took control of the company as an interim CEO. Jobs brought Apple from near bankruptcy to profitability by 1998. As the new CEO of the company, Jobs oversaw the development of the iMac, iTunes, iPod, iPhone, and iPad, and on the services side, the company's Apple Retail Stores, iTunes Store and the App Store. The success of these products and services provided several years of stable financial returns, and propelled Apple to become the world's most valuable publicly traded company in 2011.


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Anyone privy to the release of the iPhone is going to hold on to their current device as long as they possibly can, all but Scotch taping their devices together so that they can crawl over the finish line and into the loving arms of a shiny new iPhone. (Oh, you know the box is gonna be sexy.)
— John Mayer (2006)
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Computing
Main projects
Apple Inc. • Macintosh task force • iOS task force • iOS
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Companies • Software • Internet • Technology • Telecommunications • Video games
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Apple Inc. (BookOutline)
Apple Inc. topics

Articles: Steve JobsSteve WozniakRonald WayneApple IApple IIApple IIIApple LisaApple TVApple WatchiPadiPhoneiPodMacintoshApertureBentoFileMaker ProFinal Cut StudioGarageBandiLifeiOSiTunesiWorkLogic StudioMapsOS XQuickTimeSafariXsanApple DeveloperAppleCareApple SpecialistApple Store (online) • App StoreApple certification programsApple IDGame CenteriAdGenius BariBooksiTunes StoreMac App StoreiWork.comMobileMeiCloudOne to OneProCareCriticismLitigation

Lists: All productsMacintosh softwareMacintosh models by case typeOS X componentsOS X technologiesiOS devicesiOS gamesiPod modelsMergers and acquisitions

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