Luoji language

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Native to China
Ethnicity Bai
Language codes
ISO 639-3

Luoji (autonym: luo31 dʑi33[1]) is a moribund Loloish language of Weining County, Guizhou, China that is spoken by the Qixingmin people. There are a few semi-fluent elderly speakers in Shejie Village 蛇街村, Yangjie Town 羊街镇, Weining County, with no fluent speakers remaining.[1][2][3]


The Qixingmin speak a language closely related to the local Yi language, which is intermediate between the Western and Eastern Yi dialects of Weining County (Weining 1997:328).[4] Some vocabulary items differ, such as the word for 'chili pepper' (Chinese: 辣椒), which is "zi 自" in the Western Yi dialect, "shapo 傻迫" in the Eastern Yi dialect, and "boji 薄几" in Qixingmin.[4]

However, the Qixingmin claim that they are distinct from the Yi, and that their ancestors spoke a non-Yi language that had become extinct centuries ago.[1]

Qixingmin is geographically located between the Western Yi and Eastern Yi areas. These languages are spoken in:[4]

  • Qixingmin ("Qixingmin Liangzi" 七姓民梁子): Xiangshui 响水, Jinhai 金海, Sandaohe 三道河, Shejie 蛇街, Yangjie 羊街, and Yanjia 严家
  • Western Yi: Guanfenghai 观风海, Niupeng 牛棚, Dajie 大街, and Longjie 龙街
  • Eastern Yi: Yancang 盐仓, Jinzhong 金钟, and Ertang 二塘


  1. ^ a b c d Hsiu, Andrew. 2013. New endangered Tibeto-Burman languages of southwestern China: Mondzish, Longjia, Pherbu, and others. Presented at ICSTLL 46, Dartmouth College.
  2. ^ Hsiu, Andrew. Luoji.
  3. ^ Hsiu, Andrew. 2017. Luoji audio word list. Zenodo.
  4. ^ a b c 威宁彜族回族苗族自治县民族事务委员会编. 1997. Weining County Ethnic Gazeteer [威宁彝族回族苗族自治县民族志]. Guiyang: Guizhou People's Press [贵州民族出版社].