2017 Gujarat flood

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
2017 Gujarat flood
Helicopter deployed for rescue
Helicopter deployed by Indian Air Force for rescue
Date June – July 2017
Location Gujarat and Rajasthan, India
Deaths At least 224 + 16 (1 June 2017 – 31 July 2017)

Following heavy rain in July 2017, the Indian state of Gujarat was affected by severe flooding. The floods were reported to have caused total 224 deaths between 1 June and 31 July 2017.[1] 16 people had died in neighbouring Rajasthan state by 31 July.[2]

Background[edit]

Indian Air Force rescue operation
Medics transporting rescued person

The monsoon season in Gujarat typically starts in mid-June. In the 2017 season low pressure systems developed over the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal simultaneously, resulting in heavy rainfall.[3][4][5] Moderate rain began across the state on 14 July, and heavy rains fell from 21 to 25 July.[6]

Flooding[edit]

According to the Indian Meteorological Department data, between July 1 and 28, Gujarat received 559.4 mm of rainfall, as against the average of 339.6 mm for the said period, representing an excess of 65%. The districts of Banaskantha, Patan, Gandhinagar, Morbi, Surendranagar, Mehsana and Sabarkantha received 267%, 208%, 189%, 174%, 172%, 130% and 115% respectively of their average rainfall for the same period.[5] The districts in north Gujarat received more than 200 mm of rainfall in 24 hours on 24 July.[7] Dhanera recorded 235 mm rainfall in six hours on 24 July resulting in severe flooding. Deesa recorded 269 mm rain while Idar recorded 151 mm on 25 July.[8][9] Sabarkantha received highest rains in Gujarat at 219 mm, followed by Banaskantha with 150 mm.[10] It was close to the heaviest rainfall in 112 years in the affected region.[3][11]

As of 1 August, at least 224 people had died in floods in Gujarat since 1 June due to rain-related causes. Among them, 61 deaths were recorded in Banaskantha, 18 in Ahmedabad, 14 in Surendranagar, 11 in Chhota Udaipur, 10 in Surat district.[1] As of 31 July, 16 people had died in neighbouring Rajasthan state.[2] More than 4,000 cattle died in Banaskantha district.[12] The electricity supply to 753 villages were cut off.[12] The road and rail transport were also affected. Over 370 roads, including six National Highways, and 153 State Highways and 674 Panchayat roads were flooded and closed for vehicular traffic.[10][13] The damage is assessed at 10 crore for National Highways and 26 crore for State Highways.[14] 11 out of 20 trains operating between Mumbai-Delhi were cancelled due to damage to tracks near Palanpur. 915 GSRTC bus trips were cancelled in northern districts.[6] There was breach in Narmada Canal near Thara, Gujarat in Banaskantha.[12] The runway of Ahmedabad airport was damaged and two Air India flights were diverted.[15] As of 26 July, of the 203 dams and reservoirs in state, 38 were full, 19 were filled to between 80–90% of their capacity, 15 to between 70%–80% and 130 were filled to less than 70% capacity.[5][10] 25% of Kharif crop sowing in Gujarat, especially and Saurashtra and north Gujarat was lost.[16]

Relief and rescue[edit]

More than 113,000 people were evacuated to safety and more than 17,000 of them were rescued with the help of the Indian Army, Indian Air Force (IAF), the Border Security Force (BSF), the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and the State Disaster Response Force (SDRF). Ten IAF helicopters, five Army columns, 18 BSF teams and 32 teams from the NDRF, 11 teams from the SDRF and the local teams were deployed for rescue and relief operations.[12] Over 2,000,000 food packets were distributed in affected districts in north Gujarat.[17][6] 12,000 people were moved to safety[2] and at least 100 people were rescued in Rajasthan.[7] 90 relief camps were set up for affected people.[17] The electricity supply was restored in 700 villages.[12] More than 1,500 sanitation workers were deployed in Banaskantha and Patan districts to prevent outbreaks.[12] And more than 10,400 carcasses were disposed.[1]

Around 2 lakh cusecs (5,700 m3/s) of water was released from Dantiwada Dam on the West Banas River due to heavy inflow from Rajasthan. Dharoi Dam also released water 1.3 lakh cusec (3,700 m3/s) of water in Sabarmati River, thus submerging the lower promenade of Sabarmati Riverfront in Ahmedabad. Vasna Barrage was open to release water from the river.[9]

The Government of India announced an interim relief package of 500 crore.[10] It is also announced that ex gratia of 200,000 be given to the next of kin of the deceased and 50,000 to people seriously injured in the floods.[6][18][19]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "અતિવૃષ્ટિનો કેર: ગુજરાતમાં ૨૨૪નાં મૃત્યુ, બનાસકાંઠામાં સૌથી વધુ ૬૧" [Flood terror: 224 died in Gujarat, highest in Banaskantha at 61]. Gujarat Samachar (in Gujarati) (Ahmedabad ed.). 2017-08-02. p. 2. Archived from the original on 2017-08-02. Retrieved 2017-08-02. 
  2. ^ a b c "Flood fury in 4 states: Rescue operations underway, says PM Modi; Gujarat CM Rupani to camp in Banaskantha". India Today. 2017-07-30. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  3. ^ a b France-Presse, Agence (2017-07-31). "India floods: 213 killed in Gujarat as receding waters reveal more victims". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  4. ^ Chari, Mridula. "An unusual weather phenomenon explains why eastern and western India are flooding". Scroll.in. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c Umarji, Vinay (2017-07-29). "A rare phenomenon caused Gujarat floods". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  6. ^ a b c d "PM rushes to Gujarat, announces relief package of Rs 500 crore". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  7. ^ a b "Floods wreak havoc in Gujarat, Rajasthan; Narendra Modi inspects home state as Assam recovers". Firstpost. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  8. ^ "Monsoon Forecast for Jul 26, 2017: Heavy Monsoon rains in Gujarat, Rajasthan, WB; Rains in Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai". Skymet Weather Services. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  9. ^ a b "Floods wreck havoc in several parts of country; PM Modi visits Gujarat, announces Rs 2 lakh for kin of those killed". The Indian Express. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  10. ^ a b c d "Death toll in Gujarat floods reaches 111". Deccan Herald. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  11. ^ "૩૧ જુલાઈ:૨૦૧૬માં માત્ર ૩૨ ટકા ૨૦૧૭માં ૮૦ ટકાથી વધુ વરસાદ" [31 July: Just 32% rain in 2016, 80% in 2017]. Gujarat Samachar (in Gujarati). Archived from the original on 2017-08-01. Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f "Gujarat floods: How the deluge crippled the state". The Indian Express. 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  13. ^ "Flood crisis deepens in Gujarat, Rajasthan; PM Modi inspects home state". Hindustan Times. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Gujarat floods death toll mounts to 213, over 80,000 relocated". Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  15. ^ "Gujarat floods: Ahmedabad Airport runway damaged, two Air India flights diverted". The Financial Express. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  16. ^ Umarji, Vinay (2017-07-27). "Torrential rain, flood damage 25% kharif sowing in Gujarat". Business Standard India. Retrieved 2017-07-31. 
  17. ^ a b "Gujarat flood: 20 lakh food packets distributed, 90 camps set up for affected people, says Smriti Irani". The Financial Express. 2017-07-31. Retrieved 2017-08-01. 
  18. ^ "9 die in Gujarat floods, toll 83; PM announces Rs 500 crore aid". The Times of India. Retrieved 26 July 2017. 
  19. ^ "Gujarat flood 2017: RSS appeals for donation to help affected people". Financial Express. Retrieved 26 July 2017.