|1272 by topic|
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|Births – Deaths|
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|Establishments – Disestablishments|
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- May 12 – The Mamluk sultan Baybars and the Kingdom of Jerusalem conclude a ten-year truce at Caesarea.
- Baybars invades the weakening kingdom of Makuria, to the south of Egypt.
- Charles I of Anjou, King of Naples, occupies Durazzo in Albania, and establishes the Albanian Kingdom.
- Count Floris V of Holland makes an unsuccessful attack on Frisia, in an attempt to recover the body of his father, Count William II.
- November 16 – Edward I becomes King of England.
- King Alphonso III of Portugal eliminates the last Moorish community in Portugal at Faro.
- The Worshipful Company of Cordwainers receives the right to regulate the leather trade in London, England.
- In astronomy, the recording of the Alfonsine tables is completed.
- The first recorded reference is made to the game of cricket.
- December 13 – King Frederick III of Sicily (d. 1337)
- date unknown – Bernardo Tolomei, Italian theologian (d. 1348)
- Otto I of Hesse (approximate date; d. 1328)
- Isabel Bruce; queen consort of Norway (approximate date; d. 1358)
- March 17 – Emperor Go-Saga of Japan (b. 1220)
- March 18 – John FitzAlan, 7th Earl of Arundel (b. 1246)
- April 2 – Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1209)
- April 27 – Saint Zita, Italian saint
- August 6 – King Stephen V of Hungary
- August 7 – Richard Middleton, Lord Chancellor of England
- October 27 or October 30 – Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1213)
- November 16 – King Henry III of England (b. 1207)
- December 13 – Bertold of Regensburg, German preacher
- Bartholomeus Anglicus, English Franciscan monk and encyclopedia writer (b. before 1203)
- William of Saint-Amour, French scholastic philosopher (b. 1200)
- William of Sherwood, English logician (approximate date; b. c.1200)